Transfer Company shares LLC Bulgaria

The most common and most popular legal-organizational form for performing micro, small or even medium business in Bulgaria is Limited Liability Company. Through the registration of a company,  usually a small number of partners of shares resources and efforts to carry out their business project.

But often different reasons, both objective and subjective, lead to situations in which one or more partners leave the company.

When leaving the company without the consent of the other partners, it is necessary to carry out and terminate the procedure of unilateral departure of the company. It is initiated by sending a notice under Art. 125, para. 2 and 3 Commercial Code. However, when leaving the company it is agreed and shared with the other partners, it is done by transferring the shares held to the other partners or to a third party with a contract.

Transfer company shares LLC Bulgaria, company lawyer Bulgaria, Transfer shares Bulgarian company, Purchase shares Limited company Bulgaria

Transfer company shares LLC Bulgaria, company lawyer Bulgaria, Transfer shares Bulgarian company, Purchase shares Limited company Bulgaria

The transfer of shares, even when the company is sole proprietor, should be distinguished from the transfer of a company and the transfer of an undertaking.

Shares, a company, and an enterprise are three differenmet concepts and three different object deals respectively. According to the Commercial Law, a company is the name under which the trader exercises his trade and is signed. The business firm may only be transferred with the enterprise but may be changed by the trader at its own discretion at any time.

The enterprise, for its part, represents a set of rights, obligations and factual relationships. The transfer of the enterprise (in whole or in part) is a transaction other than the transfer of the shares in the company.

The parties to the transfer agreement are the traders themselves (ET or companies) and the parties to the share transfer agreement are the owners of these shares (natural or legal person) and their purchaser (natural or legal person).

After transferring the property, the property rights (property, cars, belongings, inventory, receivables, debts, etc.) are transferred from one trader to another, whereas, after the transfer of shares, these assets remain the property of the same company. this company.

Transfer of shares from Bulgarian LLC 

The transfer of shares is regulated in Art. 129 Commercial Code. When this transfer occurs between partners, it becomes free (unless otherwise provided in the Company Agreement). However, if the shares are transferred not to a third person or persons, it is necessary that the buyers apply for their admission to the company, which is considered by the General Meeting. Ie. the transfer of shares to outsiders is made by the will of the other partners. On the basis of the submitted application a General Meeting is convened, which votes and decides on the admission of a new partner in the company. The decision is taken by a multiple of ¾ of the capital, unless a larger majority is provided for in the company agreement. This decision is formed in a protocol, which (in view of amendments to Article 137 of the Commercial Code) should be with a notary certification of the signatures and the content.

If the General Meeting approves the planned shareholding, a share transfer contract is prepared. Shares can be transferred at both a nominal and an agreed (market) price – lower or higher. The contract is notarized on both the signatures and the content.

Changes in the Commerce Act since the end of 2017 have also introduced a new requirement for the transfer of shares – whether between partners or outsiders. The new requirements were included in Art. 129 of the Commercial Code.

According to them, for the transfer of the shares, the company should have no outstanding salaries, indemnities and compulsory social security contributions of the employees, including employees, whose employment relationship was terminated within three years prior to the transfer of the shareholding.

However, it has not been clear from the changes what document the fulfilment of this requirement is, and the changes that have been made so far should be further modified to clarify the procedure.

Thus, in mid-February 2018, the law was supplemented, that in the Commercial Register, declarations in a form drawn up by the Company Manager and the transferor of the shares are submitted that the company has no outstanding and outstanding obligations of this kind. A model for such a declaration shall be drawn up by the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Labor and Social Policy. Transfer company shares LLC Bulgaria, company lawyer Bulgaria, Transfer shares Bulgarian company, Purchase shares Limited company Bulgaria

After application of the declarations, the transfer of the shares is entered in the Commercial Register, but the Registry Agency is obliged to immediately inform the Executive Department “Main Labour Agency”, which can verify the authenticity of the declared facts. In the event that discrepancies between the declared circumstances and the reality are found, GI EA notifies the Prosecutor’s Office of the possible involvement of the pshareively responsible detractors. that the company has no outstanding and outstanding obligations of this kind.

A model for such a declaration shall be drawn up by the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Labor and Social Policy.

After application of the declarations, the transfer of the shares is entered in the Commercial Register, but the Registry Agency is obliged to immediately inform the Executive Department “Main Labour Agency”, which can verify the authenticity of the declared facts. In the event that discrepancies between the declared circumstances and the reality are found, GI EA notifies the Prosecutor’s Office of the possible involvement of the pshareively responsible detractors. that the company has no outstanding and outstanding obligations of this kind. A model for such a declaration shall be drawn up by the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Labor and Social Policy. After application of the declarations, the transfer of the shares is entered in the Commercial Register, but the Registry Agency is obliged to immediately inform the Executive Department “Main Labour Agency”, which can verify the authenticity of the declared facts. In the event that discrepancies between the declared circumstances and the reality are found, Executive Department “Main Labour Agency”, notifies the Prosecutor’s Office of the possible involvement of the pshareively responsible detractors. but the Registry Agency is obliged to immediately notify the IA “GLP”, which can verify the authenticity of the declared facts. In the event that discrepancies between the declared circumstances and the reality are found, GI EA notifies the Prosecutor’s Office of the possible involvement of the pshareively responsible detractors. but the Registry Agency is obliged to immediately notify the IA “GLP”, which can verify the authenticity of the declared facts. In the event that discrepancies between the declared circumstances and the reality are found, GI EA notifies the Prosecutor’s Office of the possible involvement of the pshareively responsible detractors.

After the shares are transferred, a new general meeting is convened, in which the new owners – who have acquired the quality of partners – participate. At that meeting a decision is taken to accept and sign a new company contract and to enter the changes in the Commercial Register. Other decisions can also be taken at this meeting (seat, address of management, company, etc.). If the old partner was also a manager (except a partner), and if the new manager is also planned, a decision is made at that meeting to release the old and appoint the new partner as manager.

Entry in the Commercial Register is made by submitting an application Form A4, which is signed and deposited by the manager of the company. The law lacks the empowerment of the old shareholder who has ceased participating in the company, if he is not a manager; declare the entry of the change. The record of the new manager shall also be accompanied by documents related to this quality (specimen, declarations, etc.). Adoption of a new partner has effect vis-à-vis third parties from its entry in the Commercial Register.

Transfer of shares from Bulgarian LLC

A particular feature of the transfer of shares in such a company is that the owner is a single person. That’s why the only partner is called the sole owner of the capital. This sole proprietor can transfer all or part of its shares. In the second case, the company will be transformed into OOD.

For the transfer, a decision of the sole proprietor is required, which is reflected in a notarized record. Following is the conclusion of a contract for the sale of the shares, which is also certified notary. In the case of transfer of shares in EOOD no applications for the admission of a new partner are prepared and submitted as a party to the share transfer contract is the sole shareholder in the company. However,the requirements of Art. 129, para. 2 Commercial Code for lack of obligations are valid here as well.

After the transfer of the shares, the new sole owner takes a decision on the dismissal and appointment of a manager, the adoption of a new instrument of incorporation, as well as other changes upon request. If the sole proprietor transfers only part of his shares, these decisions are taken by all the partners.

Nature and characteristics of the transfer

With the transfer of shares, in practice, the membership of the company is transferred and its personnel is changed. Both membership rights and obligations, including non-material ones, are transferred. The transfer may only take place if the shares sold are not apprehended for the obligations of the owner and the divestment is entered in the TP. The transfer itself can take the form of a sale or sale, but it can also be shaped like a donation, a replacement, a contribution, etc. If the case vendor has not paid in full its share contribution, 130 and both parties to the transaction are jointly and severally liable for this outstanding obligation. Shares may be held in joint ownership (one share is sold to several persons), unless the Company Agreement prohibits this. Theoretically, where shares are held in joint ownership by several individuals, it is possible to transfer an ideal part of the share – Art. 132 ТЗ.

Register fees 

In order to carry out the procedure and record the transfer to the Commercial Register, different fees are payable. All notarial certification of the signatures and the content of the documents applied shall be paid in accordance with the Tariff of Notary Fees to the LIND.

 

DIVISION OF JOINTLY OWNED REAL ESTATE

The ownership rights over one real estate may belong to one or to several persons. When one property has more than one owner than the type of ownership is called co-ownership.

The main option for termination of such co-ownership is separation of the real estate. The main consequence of a division is that after such procedure the co-ownership is terminated and each of former co-owners receives individual property (or money equivalent relevant to the part of the property that belonged to him).DIVISION OF JOINTLY OWNED REAL ESTATE

The main prerequisites for execution of a separation of the real estates are the following: the real estate or estates to be actually divisible and possibility of creating of the shares that would be equal to the part of each co-owner, i.e. the possibility for division of the existing real estate into new separate real estates according to the current legislation.

If the co-owners of a property want to separate it from one another but can not reach consensus, an arbitrator in the dispute is needed Judicial split is the most unpleasant way because it is tough, slow and expensive.

The divestment can be done in all cases of joint ownership – hereditary property, the dissolution of a matrimonial property community acquired through a common commercial property, the liquidation of a common right to build or overbuilding and overbuilding.

Before proceeding with a court case, try to convince the co-owners to divide the property voluntarily. If they disagree, then you can take the necessary action as a last resort .

You can pursue a case yourself as you file for a partition. Judicial partition is binding on all co-owners, even if they do not want to. When they are brought, they have no choice.

Or offer them to redeem your share, and if they disagree, you offer a buyer who agrees or you go to court. 

The lawyer reveals that it is common for  co-owners to agree on a voluntary partition during the first phase of the partition.

With regard to court fees , each of the dividers pays them according to the value of the share received after the division. State fees are paid at the end of the partition.

If you settle and divide the property in the first phase of the division, the state fee will be 2% of the value of the share received. If the court carries out the division, the fee is 4% of the value of the dividend. The value is determined by the valuation of an expert , who is also remunerated, usually different, depends on the property value, but the court still determines his remuneration.

There are also other fees for filing the application , the court settlement or the court’s decision, depending on which option will be made. The fee for filing the claim is 0.1% of the value, in this case the tax assessment.

You and your co-owners will choose which one is best for you. Read more

Divorce procedures Bulgaria

For many people the concept of “divorce” is associated with stress and material loss, and so many people prefer not to take action on their personal lives, hoping that over time they will all sort and do not apply for divorce. As we interact with many of our international clients and potential clients, we realize that most people do not understand the divorce laws in Bulgaria.

They are confused about the Bulgaria divorce process in general.  But, this is totally understandable.

The law is complicated and most people are not lawyers, so they do not need to know this information.  But if you are here reading this article, you are interested.  So I am going to try to explain some of the Bulgaria divorce laws in the simplest terms possible without all the arcane legalese.

Lots of law firms have articles about different aspects of the Bulgaria divorce laws.  They tend to be short articles about a particular subtopic, or they are covert advertisements about how great a particular law firm is, rather than an overview of the Bulgaria divorce process.

What’s the Process?

There may be some variations in the process depending on the facts of your case (like, whether you have children and where you live), but most divorces with agreement look something like this:

Divorce in Bulgaria is subject to the Family law in Bulgaria, governed by the Bulgarian Family code that settles relations based on marriage, kinship adoption, as well as well as guardianship and tutelage.  In Bulgaria, divorce procedures could be done in two ways:

  • Divorce by mutual agreement or
  • Divorce through breakdown of marriage, when both spouses are Bulgarian citizens. As such, the Bulgarian legislation is applicable.

As relationships get worse, spouses acquire children, different property is acquired, but in fact the family does not exist in the meaning of this concept of morality and law.

Suddenly he / she / decides that they want more than life and divorce, which is often absolutely unexpected for the other partner who should take action to get out of this unpleasant situation with minimal mental and material loss.

Divorce due to marriage disorder is a procedure that aims to end marriage due to a “deep and irreparable” disorder (Article 49 Family code). The claim is constitutive, is brought to the district court on the defendant’s permanent address.

The court is seized with the filing of a claim by one of the spouses meeting the requirements of the CPC and containing the requisite requisites – addressee, country data, relevant annexes, etc. and the request to the court to settle a divorce due to a deep and irreparable marriage disorder.

Divorce procedures Bulgaria

The personal appearance of the parties is mandatory at the first hearing. A consequence of the plaintiff’s unreasonable failure to appear is termination of the case.

The legal procedure of divorce by claim order 

The legal regulation of the procedure has been describen in art. 49-52 Family code.,

divorce by mutual consent is preferred when both parties agree on the reasons for divorce and the court allows for the procedure to take place without investigating the cause for the dissolution of the marriage.

This is the simplest type of divorce in Bulgaria and the costs involved in the procedure are much lower than in other cases.

Spouses must come to an agreement regarding the custody of the children, visiting rights, the division of the property acquired during the marriage, the use of the family name etc.

The evidence of the deep and irreparable disorder of divorce, which is the basis for divorce cases, must be proven in a competitive process .

The Court should establish the reasons for the occurrence of a temporary and disruptive disorder, but its profound and irreparable disorder – these may be objective circumstances, and or marital malfeasance of one or both of the spouses.

Divorce procedures Bulgaria

Divorce proceedings in Bulgaria due to marriage disruption should be initiated by only one spouse . If there is mutual consent for the divorce, proceed according to Art. 50 of Family Code – divorce by mutual consent.

Account should be taken of the restrictive legal norm of Art. 320 of the Code of Civil Procedure, according to which the divorce proceedings are suspended if the wife is pregnant (until the child’s 12 months of age) if she so requests.

Matrimonial claims must also be respected. procedural consumption (exhaustiveness of the marriage process), according to art. 322 of the Civil Procedure Code and according to the mandatory for the courts Interpretative Decision No. 1 / 4.01.2001. of the SCCS of the SCC:

Art. 322. (1) In a claim for divorce, the plaintiff must provide all grounds for the profound and irreparable marriage disorder. Any reasons not mentioned, which occurred and became known to the spouse until the oral hearing is completed, can not serve as a basis for bringing a new claim for divorce.

As stated above, as the basis for the divorce claim is the deep and irreparable disorder of marriage judged by concrete facts proving it, each of these facts is in itself a ground of claim. If a plea is not mentioned in the case, it is overturned and can not serve as a new claim on the basis of that fact. Therefore, all the facts of family life justifying the occurrence of a profound and irreparable marriage disorder should be indicated by the end of the oral hearings.

All matrimonial claims may be joined together. the following claims must be lodged and considered:family & divorce lawyers in Bulgaria

  • For exercising parental rights;
  • On personal relationships and child support;
  • Using the family home;
  • Maintenance between spouses and surname.

At the request of one of the parties, the court may prescribe temporary measures on the care and maintenance of minor children from marriage (if any), the use of family housing and other property acquired during marriage, etc. questions. The provisional measures shall have effect until the final decision is taken.

When selecting a divorce lawsuit – DIVORCE by mutual consent or DIVORCE by legal claim, apart from always the individual and personal specificities of the particular case, the due fees for the proceedings should be known and taken into account:

State fee are payable upon filing of the application. It is paid to the account of the relevant District Court.

Final state fee should be paid  on the account of the respective District Court in case of divorce. 2 per cent on maintenance payments for 3 years maintenance fees for the child on bank account of the District Court.

Other costs may arise in the proceedings, such as expert opinions on one or other matter, the value of which is different and depending on the complexity of the expert’s task.

The burden of all costs in the case – state fees, lawyers’ fees, expert opinions are assigned to the guilty or ill-conscious spouse when there is a ruling on the guilt (according to the norm of Article 49, paragraph 3 of the Family Code, the ruling on wine matters is no longer official, but only if one of the spouses has requested such a ruling) or remains at the expense of each of the parties – as they have done in the course of the proceedings.Divorce procedures Bulgaria

In this comment, the issues of divorce proceedings are examined in principle.

Always consider and choose the procedure best suited to the specific case.

Our family law office provides legal consultations and representation during the contested divorce – a procedure that is quite emotional for the parties.

The information provided below will help you find more about this procedure.

If you need our assistance please call us on + 359 897 90 43 91 or send us a mail office@lawyer-bulgaria.bg