Transfer Company shares LLC Bulgaria

The most common and most popular legal-organizational form for performing micro, small or even medium business in Bulgaria is Limited Liability Company. Through the registration of a company,  usually a small number of partners of shares resources and efforts to carry out their business project.

But often different reasons, both objective and subjective, lead to situations in which one or more partners leave the company.

When leaving the company without the consent of the other partners, it is necessary to carry out and terminate the procedure of unilateral departure of the company. It is initiated by sending a notice under Art. 125, para. 2 and 3 Commercial Code. However, when leaving the company it is agreed and shared with the other partners, it is done by transferring the shares held to the other partners or to a third party with a contract.

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Transfer company shares LLC Bulgaria, company lawyer Bulgaria, Transfer shares Bulgarian company, Purchase shares Limited company Bulgaria

The transfer of shares, even when the company is sole proprietor, should be distinguished from the transfer of a company and the transfer of an undertaking.

Shares, a company, and an enterprise are three differenmet concepts and three different object deals respectively. According to the Commercial Law, a company is the name under which the trader exercises his trade and is signed. The business firm may only be transferred with the enterprise but may be changed by the trader at its own discretion at any time.

The enterprise, for its part, represents a set of rights, obligations and factual relationships. The transfer of the enterprise (in whole or in part) is a transaction other than the transfer of the shares in the company.

The parties to the transfer agreement are the traders themselves (ET or companies) and the parties to the share transfer agreement are the owners of these shares (natural or legal person) and their purchaser (natural or legal person).

After transferring the property, the property rights (property, cars, belongings, inventory, receivables, debts, etc.) are transferred from one trader to another, whereas, after the transfer of shares, these assets remain the property of the same company. this company.

Transfer of shares from Bulgarian LLC 

The transfer of shares is regulated in Art. 129 Commercial Code. When this transfer occurs between partners, it becomes free (unless otherwise provided in the Company Agreement). However, if the shares are transferred not to a third person or persons, it is necessary that the buyers apply for their admission to the company, which is considered by the General Meeting. Ie. the transfer of shares to outsiders is made by the will of the other partners. On the basis of the submitted application a General Meeting is convened, which votes and decides on the admission of a new partner in the company. The decision is taken by a multiple of ¾ of the capital, unless a larger majority is provided for in the company agreement. This decision is formed in a protocol, which (in view of amendments to Article 137 of the Commercial Code) should be with a notary certification of the signatures and the content.

If the General Meeting approves the planned shareholding, a share transfer contract is prepared. Shares can be transferred at both a nominal and an agreed (market) price – lower or higher. The contract is notarized on both the signatures and the content.

Changes in the Commerce Act since the end of 2017 have also introduced a new requirement for the transfer of shares – whether between partners or outsiders. The new requirements were included in Art. 129 of the Commercial Code.

According to them, for the transfer of the shares, the company should have no outstanding salaries, indemnities and compulsory social security contributions of the employees, including employees, whose employment relationship was terminated within three years prior to the transfer of the shareholding.

However, it has not been clear from the changes what document the fulfilment of this requirement is, and the changes that have been made so far should be further modified to clarify the procedure.

Thus, in mid-February 2018, the law was supplemented, that in the Commercial Register, declarations in a form drawn up by the Company Manager and the transferor of the shares are submitted that the company has no outstanding and outstanding obligations of this kind. A model for such a declaration shall be drawn up by the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Labor and Social Policy. Transfer company shares LLC Bulgaria, company lawyer Bulgaria, Transfer shares Bulgarian company, Purchase shares Limited company Bulgaria

After application of the declarations, the transfer of the shares is entered in the Commercial Register, but the Registry Agency is obliged to immediately inform the Executive Department “Main Labour Agency”, which can verify the authenticity of the declared facts. In the event that discrepancies between the declared circumstances and the reality are found, GI EA notifies the Prosecutor’s Office of the possible involvement of the pshareively responsible detractors. that the company has no outstanding and outstanding obligations of this kind.

A model for such a declaration shall be drawn up by the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Labor and Social Policy.

After application of the declarations, the transfer of the shares is entered in the Commercial Register, but the Registry Agency is obliged to immediately inform the Executive Department “Main Labour Agency”, which can verify the authenticity of the declared facts. In the event that discrepancies between the declared circumstances and the reality are found, GI EA notifies the Prosecutor’s Office of the possible involvement of the pshareively responsible detractors. that the company has no outstanding and outstanding obligations of this kind. A model for such a declaration shall be drawn up by the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Labor and Social Policy. After application of the declarations, the transfer of the shares is entered in the Commercial Register, but the Registry Agency is obliged to immediately inform the Executive Department “Main Labour Agency”, which can verify the authenticity of the declared facts. In the event that discrepancies between the declared circumstances and the reality are found, Executive Department “Main Labour Agency”, notifies the Prosecutor’s Office of the possible involvement of the pshareively responsible detractors. but the Registry Agency is obliged to immediately notify the IA “GLP”, which can verify the authenticity of the declared facts. In the event that discrepancies between the declared circumstances and the reality are found, GI EA notifies the Prosecutor’s Office of the possible involvement of the pshareively responsible detractors. but the Registry Agency is obliged to immediately notify the IA “GLP”, which can verify the authenticity of the declared facts. In the event that discrepancies between the declared circumstances and the reality are found, GI EA notifies the Prosecutor’s Office of the possible involvement of the pshareively responsible detractors.

After the shares are transferred, a new general meeting is convened, in which the new owners – who have acquired the quality of partners – participate. At that meeting a decision is taken to accept and sign a new company contract and to enter the changes in the Commercial Register. Other decisions can also be taken at this meeting (seat, address of management, company, etc.). If the old partner was also a manager (except a partner), and if the new manager is also planned, a decision is made at that meeting to release the old and appoint the new partner as manager.

Entry in the Commercial Register is made by submitting an application Form A4, which is signed and deposited by the manager of the company. The law lacks the empowerment of the old shareholder who has ceased participating in the company, if he is not a manager; declare the entry of the change. The record of the new manager shall also be accompanied by documents related to this quality (specimen, declarations, etc.). Adoption of a new partner has effect vis-à-vis third parties from its entry in the Commercial Register.

Transfer of shares from Bulgarian LLC

A particular feature of the transfer of shares in such a company is that the owner is a single person. That’s why the only partner is called the sole owner of the capital. This sole proprietor can transfer all or part of its shares. In the second case, the company will be transformed into OOD.

For the transfer, a decision of the sole proprietor is required, which is reflected in a notarized record. Following is the conclusion of a contract for the sale of the shares, which is also certified notary. In the case of transfer of shares in EOOD no applications for the admission of a new partner are prepared and submitted as a party to the share transfer contract is the sole shareholder in the company. However,the requirements of Art. 129, para. 2 Commercial Code for lack of obligations are valid here as well.

After the transfer of the shares, the new sole owner takes a decision on the dismissal and appointment of a manager, the adoption of a new instrument of incorporation, as well as other changes upon request. If the sole proprietor transfers only part of his shares, these decisions are taken by all the partners.

Nature and characteristics of the transfer

With the transfer of shares, in practice, the membership of the company is transferred and its personnel is changed. Both membership rights and obligations, including non-material ones, are transferred. The transfer may only take place if the shares sold are not apprehended for the obligations of the owner and the divestment is entered in the TP. The transfer itself can take the form of a sale or sale, but it can also be shaped like a donation, a replacement, a contribution, etc. If the case vendor has not paid in full its share contribution, 130 and both parties to the transaction are jointly and severally liable for this outstanding obligation. Shares may be held in joint ownership (one share is sold to several persons), unless the Company Agreement prohibits this. Theoretically, where shares are held in joint ownership by several individuals, it is possible to transfer an ideal part of the share – Art. 132 ТЗ.

Register fees 

In order to carry out the procedure and record the transfer to the Commercial Register, different fees are payable. All notarial certification of the signatures and the content of the documents applied shall be paid in accordance with the Tariff of Notary Fees to the LIND.

 

Register tour operator, touristic agency

Bulgarian travel agency or tour operator businesses can be conducted only by Bulgarian companies that are listed in the Register of Tour Operators and Travel Agents, part of Bulgarian National Tourism Register. The registration is made with the Ministry of Economy, Energy and Tourism upon filing an application by the candidate together with a number of documents confirming that the applicant matches the criteria specified in Bulgarian Tourism Act and sub delegated legislation. Below we have summarized some of the basic registration requirements prescribed in Bulgarian Laws.

To begin with, those who want to be listed as Bulgarian tour operators and / or travel agencies must be:

Either merchants (Bulgarian companies) registered as per Bulgarian Commercial Act orRegister tour operator, touristic agency, Registration touristic company Bulgaria, Starting a touristic compan y Applying touristic licence Bulgaria

Legal entities entitled to conduct business under any other law of an EU member state country or another country within the European Economic Area

Any of the above two categories have the opportunity to register as full-service providers or online providers of tour operator or travel agency / tour operator services. The second option is relatively easier. Tour operators and agents that offer only online services benefit from a simpler registration regime and fewer application documents for their listing.

Generally the requirements can be classified in 5 groups:

Requirements to the professional qualification, education and experience of the person who will manage the Bulgarian tour operator or tourist agent activity;
Requirements to the staff –  education, language skills and work experience;
Requirements to the premises (front office) where the business will be physically conducted;
Requirements related to the insurance of the tour operator / tour agent in Bulgaria;

Additionally to the above, the applicant must show proof that it is not under a liquidation or insolvency procedure; it has not operated as a tour operator or travel agent without a license for the last 12 months; its certificate for registration has not been cancelled for the last 12 months.

Carrying out tour operator or travel agent activity without a certificate for registration is considered an administrative offense and is subject to fines ranging from BGN 500 to BGN 20 000..

With our service we for tour operator, touristic agency:

  • We will complete the registration procedure for your new company as a tour operator and / or travel agent for you.
    • We will prepare, fill in and submit the necessary documentation for your company registration in  the Tour Operator Register and Travel Agents. • We will provide appropriate  training and qualification for your staff if you need them. • We will save you valuable time, and with our knowledge and skills we will carry out the entire registration procedure of a tour operator / travel agent in the  Register of Tour Operators and Travel Agents for you at moderate competitive prices.
  • The operation of the registration and the registration certificate is indefinite.
  • Registered persons are issued a registration certificate, which is placed in a prominent position on the tourist site.
  • The tourist voucher is issued for domestic and outbound tourism only by a registered tour operator.
  • The tourist voucher can be provided to the tourist and travel agent only in the name and on behalf of a registered tour operator.
  • The travel agent is not allowed to issue his / her own tourist voucher.

If you have any queries or ambiguities regarding the registration of a tour operator or travel agent,  contact the team through the  ONLINE CONSULTATION form  and ask your question.

Divorce procedures Bulgaria

For many Bulgarian citizens, the concept of “divorce” is associated with stress and material loss, and so many people prefer not to take action on their personal lives, hoping that over time they will all sort and do not apply for divorce. 

Divorce in Bulgaria is subject to the Family law in Bulgaria, governed by the Bulgarian Family code that settles relations based on marriage, kinship adoption, as well as well as guardianship and tutelage.  In Bulgaria, divorce procedures could be done in two ways:

  • Divorce by mutual agreement or
  • Divorce through breakdown of marriage, when both spouses are Bulgarian citizens. As such, the Bulgarian legislation is applicable.

As relationships get worse, spouses acquire children, different property is acquired, but in fact the family does not exist in the meaning of this concept of morality and law.

Suddenly he / she / decides that they want more than life and divorce, which is often absolutely unexpected for the other partner who should take action to get out of this unpleasant situation with minimal mental and material loss.

Divorce due to marriage disorder is a procedure that aims to end marriage due to a “deep and irreparable” disorder (Article 49 Family code). The claim is constitutive, is brought to the district court on the defendant’s permanent address.

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The court is seized with the filing of a claim by one of the spouses meeting the requirements of the CPC and containing the requisite requisites – addressee, country data, relevant annexes, etc. and the request to the court to settle a divorce due to a deep and irreparable marriage disorder.

The personal appearance of the parties is mandatory at the first hearing. A consequence of the plaintiff’s unreasonable failure to appear is termination of the case.

The legal procedure of divorce by claim order 

The legal regulation of the procedure has been describen in art. 49-52 Family code.,

divorce by mutual consent is preferred when both parties agree on the reasons for divorce and the court allows for the procedure to take place without investigating the cause for the dissolution of the marriage.

This is the simplest type of divorce in Bulgaria and the costs involved in the procedure are much lower than in other cases.

Spouses must come to an agreement regarding the custody of the children, visiting rights, the division of the property acquired during the marriage, the use of the family name etc.

The evidence of the deep and irreparable disorder of divorce, which is the basis for divorce cases, must be proven in a competitive process .

These facts are appreciated by the court always in relation to the particular individual case, according to the law and according to the above-mentioned IFRS 10 / 1971d.

The Court should establish the reasons for the occurrence of a temporary and disruptive disorder, but its profound and irreparable disorder (such as paragraphs 2, 3, 4 and 7 of PWS 10/1971) – these may be objective circumstances, and or marital malfeasance of one or both of the spouses.

Divorce proceedings in Bulgaria due to marriage disruption should be initiated by only one spouse . If there is mutual consent for the divorce, proceed according to Art. 50 of SC – divorce by mutual consent.

Account should be taken of the restrictive legal norm of Art. 320 of the Code of Civil Procedure, according to which the divorce proceedings are suspended if the wife is pregnant (until the child’s 12 months of age) if she so requests.

Matrimonial claims must also be respected. procedural consumption (exhaustiveness of the marriage process), according to art. 322 of the Civil Procedure Code and according to the mandatory for the courts Interpretative Decision No. 1 / 4.01.2001. of the SCCS of the SCC:

Art. 322. (1) In a claim for divorce, the plaintiff must provide all grounds for the profound and irreparable marriage disorder. Any reasons not mentioned, which occurred and became known to the spouse until the oral hearing is completed, can not serve as a basis for bringing a new claim for divorce.

As stated above, as the basis for the divorce claim is the deep and irreparable disorder of marriage judged by concrete facts proving it, each of these facts is in itself a ground of claim. If a plea is not mentioned in the case, it is overturned and can not serve as a new claim on the basis of that fact. Therefore, all the facts of family life justifying the occurrence of a profound and irreparable marriage disorder should be indicated by the end of the oral hearings.

All matrimonial claims may be joined together. the following claims must be lodged and considered:

  • For exercising parental rights;
  • On personal relationships and child support;
  • Using the family home;
  • Maintenance between spouses and surname.

At the request of one of the parties, the court may prescribe temporary measures on the care and maintenance of minor children from marriage (if any), the use of family housing and other property acquired during marriage, etc. questions. The provisional measures shall have effect until the final decision is taken.

When selecting a divorce lawsuit – DIVORCE by mutual consent or DIVORCE by legal claim, apart from always the individual and personal specificities of the particular case, the due fees for the proceedings should be known and taken into account:

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State fee are payable upon filing of the application. It is paid to the account of the relevant District Court.

Final state fee should be paid  on the account of the respective District Court in case of divorce. 2 per cent on maintenance payments for 3 years maintenance fees for the child on bank account of the District Court.

Other costs may arise in the proceedings, such as expert opinions on one or other matter, the value of which is different and depending on the complexity of the expert’s task.

The burden of all costs in the case – state fees, lawyers’ fees, expert opinions are assigned to the guilty or ill-conscious spouse when there is a ruling on the guilt (according to the norm of Article 49, paragraph 3 of the Family Code, the ruling on wine matters is no longer official , but only if one of the spouses has requested such a ruling) or remains at the expense of each of the parties – as they have done in the course of the proceedings.

In this comment, the issues of divorce proceedings are examined in principle.

Always consider and choose the procedure best suited to the specific case.

Our family law office provides legal consultations and representation during the contested divorce – a procedure that is quite emotional for the parties.

The information provided below will help you find more about this procedure.

If you need our assistance please call us on + 359 897 90 43 91 or send us a mail office@lawyer-bulgaria.bg

Trade representation office

Many of our clients are foreign entities wishing to register a commercial agency or branch office of a foreign legal entity in Bulgaria. In this regard, working as lawyers in commercial cases in Bulgaria, we would like to inform you that all foreign persons engaged in commercial activities may open commercial offices in our country. According to the Bulgarian laws, trade representation can perform non-profit activities, advertising of goods and services, and more.

Commercial representation of foreign person has got the right to operate an  independent business. The regime of any commercial representation of foreign legal entity in Bulgaria is regulated by the Law on Investment Promotion (IPA). When establishing trade representation of foreign legal entities, they must register in the Bulgarian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (BCCI). For the establishment of foreign investments under Bulgarian law, in addition to five different companies listed above, the investor may choose one of the following corporate forms:

  • Branch office or 
  • Trade representation.

A commercial legal entitywhich has got the right to perform commercial activity under its national law, may register a branch in the Commercial Register. The branch is not considered as a separate legal entity. The branch is not required to have any paid up capital or separate governance structure. Its assets and liabilities are considered of the mother company.Registration company

Representative Office

Foreign persons authorized to do business under their national law may establish a representative offices in Bulgaria. A representative office is registered at the Bulgarian Chamber of Commerce. The office is not a separate legal entity and cannot carry on business activity. Thus, the purpose of the representative office is to perform activities such as promotions, exhibitions, demonstrations, training and advertising of products or services.

Registration of a foreign person’s representative office

the legal framework is the Investment Promotion Act, and the competent authority. The registration body is the Bulgarian Chamber of Commerce and Industry.

Procedure and documents required

  • Official registration document of the foreign person issued by the relevant competent authority as per its national legislation.
  • Official document regarding the persons managing and representing the foreign person.
  • Resolution of the managing body of the foreign person for opening a representative office in Bulgaria.
  • Special notarized original power of attorney issued by the person(s) representing the company, for the person authorised to register and manage the representative office in Bulgaria. It also is specifying the powers granted to the latter.
  • Original specimen(s) of the signature(s) of the person(s) being representative(s) in Bulgaria, whether by virtue of law or by special authorisations, certified by a notary public.
  • Document evidencing payment of the registration fee for the representative office.

Terms of registration

The registration terms are between 1 and 3 days (according to the declared wish and the fee paid).

Procedure for registration of a trade representation office

An applicant can be any resident with the right to conduct business under its national legislation. We can prepare for you all documents necessary for registration of a trade representation of foreign legal entity. Persons who are representatives of foreign commercial companies and have registered trade offices in BCCI can obtain a permit for continuous stay in the country. The term is one year (Art. 24, paragraph 1, p. 6 of the Law on Foreigners in the Republic of Bulgaria). The actual residence permit may be renewed on the same grounds after the expiry of the prescribed term.

Requirements:

Upon registration of a trade representation, you must have the funds from abroad for its maintenance. This applies also to any proceeds from SSI benefits for workers who are Bulgarian citizens. Since no representation carries on business, commercial offices are not required to file an annual tax return. For the same reason, they do not pay withholding taxes under the Corporate Income Tax Act.

Although not transact business, commercial offices are tax-liable for the social costs of staff employed under an employment contract and management. Regarding the law, transactions and payments made by residents in the country, carried out by commercial representation on his behalf or under the authority of the foreign entity, are considered as accomplished independent economic activity subject to taxation.On the grounds of Article 24, paragraph 1 of the Law on Promotion of Investment, trade represantation of foreign entities offceis are obligated to enter in the Commercial Register of the Chamber of Commerce.

When a foreign person can register as a trade representative in Bulgaria?

As lawyers in commercial matters, we will advise you that this happens when the company has got the right to conduct business, in accordance with the law of the country it had been established in. 

Legal aspects in conducting business 

Foreign person who has got trade representation in Bulgaria cannot carry out business on his/her behalf. This is because he/she is not a legal entity. Concluded with his/her brokerage transactions are conducted on behalf of the principal (non-resident).

Commercial representation must be recorded in the Unified  Commercial Register of the Bulgarian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (BCCI), despite the fact that it is not a legal entity and has got no right to conduct business.

For more information about the types of legal services we offer, please contact us. As for as commercial ajnd compnay lawyer on +359 2/858 10 25, or by e-mail to: info@lawyer-bulgaria.bg.