Registration of a branch
The dynamics of modern business relations can easy switch to another country of doing business in different settlements by registration of a branch.
If you have such a need, you are generally faced with three options for doing business:
A) register individual “subsidiaries” of trading companies and through them to carry out your business.
With this option new companies are emerging and they have separate business enterprises.
B) to disclose retail outlets (warehouses, shops, etc.) in the different settlements, without creating new companies and operating in them.
In this situation, no new legal entity emerges – a company, the trader himself engages in legal relationships with third parties.
B) register a branch through which to separate the performance of part of your activity in a settlement other than that in which your company has its registered office.
The branch is a legal-organizational form for carrying out a business activity in which a trader (firm), through a relative separation of part of its activity, carries it out in a settlement other than that in which its seat is located.
In the internal relations, the branch is dependent on the trader and this dependence is manifested in different directions, for example in:
A) the lack of an independent firm, and the branch company includes the trader’s firm and the branch add-on;
(B) the branch is part of the trader’s business (and, if transferred, the branch is transferred).
In disputes arising out of a direct relationship with a branch, claims are brought against the firm (as may be done at the headquarters of the branch);
B) the termination of the trader also leads to the termination of the branch (the same applies when the bankruptcy is declared);
D) the branch does not compile a stand-alone balance – the branch leads commercial books as a sole trader without compiling a separate balance sheet.
Registration of a branch
1. decision on the establishment of a branch;
2. election of a branch manager;
3. Entry in the Commercial Register (TP).
The decision to register a branch is taken by the competent corporate body under the rules of the relevant commercial company:
The decision should contain a clear intention to establish a branch and its headquarters, address of management, subject of activity, manner of management.
Setting up a Bulgarian branch by a foreign company is one of the legal forms for establishment of a business presence in Bulgaria.
Usually the branch office is considered to be an alternative to being a (sole) shareholder of a Bulgarian company.
The Bulgarian branch office is not a separate legal entity but a part of the foreign company.Registration of a branch
As a result, share capital of the branch is not required and the foreign company is liable for the liabilities incurred by the branch.
Legal Representative of the Bulgarian Branch
Though the Bulgarian branch office is not a separate legal entity and appointment of a director is not required, the authorization of a legal representative of the branch is mandatory.
The representative powers of the legal representative are determined by a power of attorney granted to him by the foreign company.
Registration with the Bulgarian Commercial Register
Under Bulgarian legislation branches are required to be registered with the Bulgarian Commercial Register. The necessary documents to register a branch in Bulgaria include:
- official incumbency certificate containing the particulars of the persons authorized to represent the foreign company and their representative powers (if not contained in the certificate of good standing);
- resolution of the foreign company to establish a branch in Bulgaria (the persons competent to adopt such a resolution are determined by the national corporate law of the foreign company);
- constituent act/articles of association of the foreign company;
- notarized power of attorney granted to the legal representative of the Bulgarian branch;
- notarized written consent and specimen signature of the legal representative of the Bulgarian branch;
- declaration under art.13, para. 4 of the Bulgarian Commercial Register Act.
Under the Bulgarian Commerce Act following the successful branch office registration, the branch is required to maintain its own bookkeeping as well as to prepare a balance sheet.
Under the Bulgarian tax legislation the profit generated by a foreign company’s branch established in Bulgaria is subject to corporate income tax.